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Understanding South Korea's Value Added Tax (VAT) Filing: A Comprehensive Guide

If you're a business owner or an individual providing goods or services in South Korea, understanding the Value Added Tax (VAT) system is crucial. VAT, known as 부가가치세 (bugagachesae) in Korean, is a consumption tax levied on the value added to goods and services at each stage of production or distribution. In this guide, we'll walk you through the process of filing VAT in South Korea, covering everything from registration to submission.

### 1. Understanding VAT Basics

Before diving into the filing process, let's clarify some key concepts about VAT:

- Taxable Transactions: VAT applies to the sale of goods, provision of services, and importation of goods into South Korea.

- Taxable Amount: VAT is calculated based on the taxable amount, which includes the sales price of goods or services, as well as any other charges related to the sale.

- VAT Rates: South Korea has standard VAT rates of 10%. However, certain goods and services may be subject to different rates or exemptions.

### 2. VAT Registration

If your business meets the criteria for VAT registration, you are required to register with the National Tax Service (NTS) of South Korea. Here's what you need to know:

- Threshold: Businesses with annual sales exceeding a certain threshold must register for VAT.

- Voluntary Registration: Even if your sales are below the threshold, you can opt for voluntary registration, which may have benefits for your business.

### 3. VAT Filing Process

Once registered, you'll need to file VAT returns regularly. Here's a step-by-step overview of the filing process:

1. Maintain Records: Keep detailed records of all sales, purchases, and VAT invoices.

2. Calculate VAT: Calculate the VAT amount payable based on taxable transactions.

3. Prepare VAT Return: Complete the VAT return form provided by the NTS.

4. Submit Return: File your VAT return and pay any VAT due by the specified deadline.

### 4. Deadlines and Penalties

It's essential to adhere to VAT filing deadlines to avoid penalties. The deadline for filing VAT returns and making payments is typically the 10th day of the month following the end of the reporting period.

### 5. VAT Refunds

In some cases, you may be eligible for VAT refunds. This could include situations where input VAT exceeds output VAT, such as when purchasing capital goods for business use.

### Conclusion

Navigating South Korea's VAT system may seem daunting, but with the right knowledge and understanding, you can fulfill your tax obligations effectively. Remember to stay informed about any changes to VAT regulations and seek professional advice if needed.

For more detailed information on South Korea's VAT system, you can visit the official website of the National Tax Service: [National Tax Service - South Korea](


I hope this guide provides you with valuable insights into the VAT filing process in South Korea. If you have any further questions or need clarification on any topic covered, feel free to ask!


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