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The Importance of Timely Tax Returns in Korea: A Comprehensive Guide





In South Korea, according to the National Tax Service (NTS), there are 9.6 million businesses, and 7.4 million of them are sole-proprietorship. These businesses are required to file their tax returns in May. With a total of 154 tax offices—including 21 branches—and approximately 21,000 tax officers, the process is a massive undertaking.


Given this scenario, a tax officer would need to review and approve around 350 tax returns within a day or two. Once the returns are reviewed and approved, they are uploaded to the NTS database. This allows individuals to download their tax records from the Hometax website in July.


If a taxpayer fails to file their return on time, a tax officer must review and approve the late submission based on the field manual. In such cases, the officer may reluctantly approve your return without proper evidence in accordance with the tax law.


Filing an individual income tax return on time in May is crucial for several reasons:


1. **Compliance with Tax Laws:

In Korea, taxpayers are required to file their individual income tax returns and pay the due income tax from May 1st to May 31st of the year following the tax year concerned. Fulfilling this obligation ensures compliance with the country's tax laws.


2. **Avoiding Penalties:

A penalty tax of 20% may be imposed on those who fail to file their income tax return and pay the tax within the specified period. Filing on time helps avoid these additional financial burdens.


3. **Accurate Reporting of Worldwide Income:

Residents in Korea are subject to Korean income tax based on worldwide income. This includes global income (employment income, business profits, dividends, pensions, interests, rentals, and other miscellaneous income), severance pay, and capital gains. Timely filing ensures accurate reporting and avoids potential issues with tax authorities.


In conclusion, timely filing your individual income tax return in May is not just a legal obligation but a crucial step to avoid penalties and ensure accurate reporting of your worldwide income.


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FAQs:

1. What is the deadline for filing individual income tax returns in Korea?

The deadline for filing individual income tax returns in Korea is from May 1st to May 31st of the year following the tax year concerned.


2. What happens if I fail to file my tax return on time?

If you fail to file your tax return on time, a tax officer will review and approve the late submission based on the field manual. This might lead to your return being approved without proper evidence in accordance with the tax law.


3. What is the penalty for late submission of tax returns?

The penalty for late submission of tax returns in Korea is a 20% penalty tax.


4. How is global income taxed in Korea?

Residents in Korea are subject to Korean income tax based on worldwide income. This includes global income (employment income, business profits, dividends, pensions, interests, rentals, and other miscellaneous income), severance pay, and capital gains.


5. How does the NTS handle tax returns?

The NTS reviews and approves tax returns. Once approved, they are uploaded to the NTS database. This allows individuals to download their tax records from the Hometax website in July.

Keywords: Tax Returns in Korea, National Tax Service, Sole-proprietorships in Korea, Korean Tax Laws, Tax Penalties in Korea, Worldwide Income Taxation, Hometax Website


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